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Bibliography & References

Speeches & Internet Documents

Castro, Fidel, speech to the South African Parliament, 4 September 1998, Available at:

Castro, Fidel, speech at his trial after the failed Moncada Garrison attack, "History Will Absolve Me." Translated by Andrew Paul Booth. Available at:

Gleijeses, Piero, Havana's Policy in Africa, 1959-76: New Evidence from Cuban Archives. Available at:

Granma International, "Trial fully demonstrates that acts of terrorism against Cuba are planned in the United States." Available at:

Cuban Internationalism Efforts in Angola 1975-1991. (May 1998), Daniel Krook. Available at:

United Nations. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Available at:

Pamphlets & Course Readers

National Assembly of People's Power. "The Most Extensive Dispute of the Contemporary Era." Lázaro Barredo Medina: Havana, Cuba. April 1997.

The Center for Cross-Cultural Study and Willamette University. "Introduction to Contemporary Cuba: Readings for Discussion." 1998 Summer Program in Cuba.

The Center for Cross-Cultural Study and Willamette University. "Introduction to Contemporary Cuba: Readings for Reference ." 1998 Summer Program in Cuba.

University of Cape Town. "POL 331s: Local Government." Robert Cameron, lecturer, 1998.


Blasier, Cole and Carmelo Mesa-Lago, eds. Cuba in the World. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, 1979.

Burchett, Wilfred, Southern Africa Stands Up. New York: Urizen Books, 1978.

Castro, Fidel, Jorge Risquet, and Gabriel García Marquéz, Changing the History of Africa. Edited by David Deutschmann. Melbourne: Ocean Press, 1989.

Chan, Stephen and Moisés Vanâncio, eds. War and Peace in Mozambique. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.

Chase-Dunn, Christopher K. ed. Socialist States in the World System. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1982.

Christie, Iain, Samora Machel: a Biography. New Jersey: Zed Press, 1989.

Crocker, Chester, High Noon in Southern Africa: Making Peace in a Rough Neighborhood. Johannesburg: Jonathan Ball Publishers, 1992.

Desfosses, Helen and Jacques Levesque, eds. Socialism in the Third World. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1975.

Díaz-Briquets, Sergio, ed. Cuban Internationalism In Sub-Saharan Africa. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1989.

Eckstein, Susan Eva, Back from the Future: Cuba under Castro. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 1994.

Finnegan, William, A Complicated War: The Harrowing of Mozambique. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992.

Forbes, Dean and Nigel Thrift, eds. The Socialist Third World. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1987.

Guevara, Ernesto 'Che,' Guerrilla Warfare. Includes "Guerrilla Warfare," 1960, "Guerrilla Warfare: A Method," 1963, and "Message to the Tricontinental," 1967. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 1985.

Guevara, Ernesto 'Che,' and Fidel Castro, Socialism and Man in Cuba, New York: Pathfinder, (1968), 1989.

Hall, Margaret and Tom Young, Confronting Leviathan: Mozambique since Independence. Athens, OH: Ohio University, 1997.

Halperin, Maurice, Return to Havana: The Decline of Cuban Society under Castro. Nashville: Vanderbilt University, 1994.

Hanlon, Joseph, Apartheid's Second Front: South Africa's War against Its Neighbors. New York: Penguin, 1986.

Horowitz, Irving Louis and Jaime Suchlicki, eds. Cuban Communism. Ninth edition, New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1998.

Isaacman, Allen and Barbara Isaacman, Mozambique: from Colonialism to Revolution, 1900-1982. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983.

Keller, Edmond J. and Louis A. Picard, eds., South Africa in Southern Africa: Domestic and International Conflict. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1989.

LeoGrande, William M. et al. The Cuba Reader: The Making of a Revolutionary Society. New York: Grove Press, 1989.

Massie, Robert Kinloch, Loosing the Bonds: The United States and South Africa in the Apartheid Years, New York: Doubleday, 1997.

Mondlane, Eduardo, The Struggle for Mozambique. London: Zed Press, 1983.

Moorcraft, Paul L. African Nemesis: War and Revolution in Southern Africa 1945-2010. London: Brassey's LTD, 1994.

Mesa-Lago, Carmelo, and June S. Belkin, eds. Cuba in Africa. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 1982.

Munslow, Barry, Mozambique: The Revolution and its Origins. New York: Longman Press, 1983.

Newitt, Malyn, A History of Mozambique. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Ottoway, David and Marina, Afrocommunism. New York: Africana Press, 1981.

Pérez Jr., Louis, Cuba and the United States: Ties of Singular Intimacy. Athens, GA: University of Georgia, 1997.

Rangel, Carlos, Third World Ideology and Western Reality: Manufacturing Political Myth. New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1986.

Rosberg, Carl G. and Thomas B. Callaghy, eds. Socialism in Sub-Saharan Africa. Berkeley, CA University of California Press, 1979.

Saul, John S. ed., A Difficult Road: The Transition to Socialism in Mozambique. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1985.

Saunders, Christopher and Nicholas Southey, A Dictionary of South African History. Cape Town: David Philip, 1998.

Schwab, Peter, Cuba: Confronting the US Embargo. New York: St. Martin's, 1999.

Vines, Alex, RENAMO: Terrorism in Mozambique. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1991.

Waterhouse, Rachel, Mozambique: Rising from the Ashes. London: Oxfam Publications, 1996.

White, Gordon, Robin Murray, and Christina White, eds. Revolutionary Socialist Development. University Press of Kentucky, 1983.

Articles (by Date)

Time, September 30, 1985 v.126 p.50, "Violations of Another Kind; Pretoria raids Angola and gets into a row with Mozambique." Janice Simpson.

Monthly Review, October 1992 v.44 n.5 p.10, "Frelimo: thirty years of fighting for a free Mozambique." Joseph Reilly.

National Review, October 19, 1992 v.44 n.20 p.52, "Brave new order." (State Dep't Policy towards Mozambique), Robin Birley.

Monthly Review, September 1994 v.46 n.4 p.17, "Cuba and the liberation of Southern Africa." Sylvester Cohen Jr.

The Economist, November 12, 1994 v.333 n.7889 p.16, "Southern Africa's opportunity: If peace can be secured in Angola and Mozambique, the whole region's prospects could be transformed."

The Economist, January 14, 1995 v.334 n.7897 p.40, "Pulling out: Mozambique." (UN, assured that democracy is well-established, is pulling out of Mozambique).

The Economist, May 11, 1996 v.339 n.7965 p.44, "South Africans return to Mozambique." (Revival of trade and investment between the two African countries).

The Cape Argus, August 11, 1998, "Cuban doctors can stay indefinitely."

The Cape Times, September 9, 1998, p.15 "After Fidel Castro, the deluge." Barry Wigmore.

The Report of South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, Published by Independent Newspapers and the Institute for Democracy in South Africa, November 3, 1998. Extract #1 of 5.

The Economist, December 5, 1998 v.349 i.8097 p.42, "Better times for a battered country." (promising development of Mozambique).

Granma International, March 28, 1999, year 34 n.12 "Cuba's Message on Human Rights." (Speech by Foreign Minister Carlos Lage at the 55th session of the UN Human Rights Commission in Geneva, March 23, 1999).

NACLA Report on the Americas, March/April 1999 v.32 n.5 pp.16-47, "Inside Cuba: Report on Cuba."

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» "It is not a matter of wishing success to the victim of aggression, but of sharing his fate, one must accompany him to his death or to victory."
» Ernesto 'Che' Guevara
Guerrilla Warfare [submitted by Chris Fertnig]

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» Camilo Cienfuegos
Granma expeditionary; became Rebel commander and headed Antonio Maceo Column No. 2, leading march westward from Sierra Maestra to Las Villas Province; became Rebel Army chief of staff in January 1959; plane lost at sea on October 28, 1959.