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Cuban Internationalism

From Theory to Action
Since well before the Revolution of 1959 and carrying on to the present day, Internationalism — the solidarity with, and aid to, sister nations in Africa, Asia, and America — has been been a central pillar of Cuban foreign policy.

While historically this aid had been offered via military materièl and personnel, it is now almost exclusively provided in the form of social programs, primarily in the health care and education sectors.

The ramifications of extending Cuban influence and resources onto foreign soil have resulted in both dramatically positive as well as abyssmally negative conditions affecting quality of life on the island.

While scholars of Cuba, and students of its foreign policy such as myself, recognize the negative consequences of these actions, there is a general consensus that these actions have resulted in an overall sum gain for both Havana and the outlook of the Third World in general.

Sounds
Star Indian Girl, by the Rolling Stones. From their 1980 album, "Emotional Rescue."

Papers
Star My final paper for HIST 379 in the spring of 1998, this research paper discusses Cuban Internationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa from 1975-1991.
Star A follow-up to the paper above, I wrote a paper in Cuba entitled "Cuban Opinions on Internationalism in Africa." It's more or less a journalistic survey based on interviews with a variety of Cubans in the Havana area on aspects of the intervention in Angola. Among others, questions include "Was it truly voluntary to serve, as the government maintains?" and "What is your estimate of the casualties of the 16 year operation?" since this information is still jealously guarded by the Castro administration.
Star My Thesis on the Failure of Socialist Development in Cuba and Mozambique. The culmination of one of my majors, this 47-pager puts forth the hypothesis that "...the socialist system as applied [in Cuba and Mozambique] was not riven with inherent flaws and thus an inappropriate model, but that external factors are to be considered far more accountable for the current unfavorable economic and political conditions in these two countries."

Documents
Star Speech by Fidel to the South African Parliament. Address by His Excellency Dr. Fidel Castro Ruz, President of the Republic of Cuba to a joint sitting of the National Assembly and the NCOP - September 4, 1998. I missed getting tickets to this event while I was at the University of Cape Town. Damn.
Star Speech by Nelson Mandela At Castro Reception. Speech by President Nelson Mandela at the Banquet in Honour of President Castro of Cuba. Given in Paarl, South Africa. I was even more miffed to miss this banquet. I had a South African friend who was working the event who was going to try to get me a bartending spot. That didn't work out either.

Other Resources
Star "How far we slaves have come!" Speeches by Fidel Castro and Nelson Mandela on July 26, 1991 regarding the close bonds of the two nations.
Star "Cuban Internationalism in Sub-Saharan Africa" A collection of writings on various aspects of Cuban Internationalism up until 1989.

from: Moreover &
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» "I know you've come to kill me. Shoot, coward, you're only going to kill a man."
» Ernesto 'Che' Guevara
Oct. 9, 1967. [submitted by Teresa Percy]

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» Camilo Cienfuegos
(1932-1959)
Granma expeditionary; became Rebel commander and headed Antonio Maceo Column No. 2, leading march westward from Sierra Maestra to Las Villas Province; became Rebel Army chief of staff in January 1959; plane lost at sea on October 28, 1959.